5.04 Robert Kłosowicz

The role of Ethiopia in the international relations of the Horn of Africa

According to the common perception of Ethiopia, it is one of the most stable African countries. This view is strengthened by tourists who in large numbers visit Ethiopia every year and the fact that in Addis Ababa are located the headquarters of the most important African regional organizations, including the African Union, as well as almost all diplomatic missions of the major countries of the world. It all seems to indicate that Ethiopia is one of the safest countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, on the best way of development, which due to its political stability may have a positive impact on neighboring countries - ones of the least stable in the whole Africa (Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, Eritrea). With the exception of the tiny Djibouti, all are among most dysfunctional states in the world. Ethiopia is a key ally of Western countries, especially the US, which considers it an important regional security partner in the global war on terror in Africa. However, in the region of the Horn of Africa its role and ties are much more complex. Bordering with Ethiopia in the north, Eritrea, that after a long civil war gained its independence, doesn't maintain good relations with Addis Ababa. Behind the border in the west, after the division of the Sudan, the situation is also far from stability. Another important problem is a conflict between Addis Ababa and Khartoum and Egypt, over the use of waters of the Nile. On the east, the borderland with Somalia generates not only the border conflict, but also an internal one. The panel will be an attempt to answer the question about the role played by Ethiopia in the international relations in the Horn of Africa.  

Dr. FERRAS Patrick Ethiopia – Eritrea : hopeless? 
Mr GOITOM GEBRELEUL Path-dependency of Regional Rivalries in The Horn of Africa 
Prof. KŁOSOWICZ Robert Ethiopia as the key ally of the United States in the Horn of Africa 
Ms. MORMUL Joanna Ethio-Djiboutian Relations in 21st century - Towards New African Cooperation
Dr. MÜLLER Tanja R. Assertive foreign policy in a ‘bad neighbourhood’: Eritrean foreign policy making and Ethiopian intransigence
Mr. NIGUSU ABOSET Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Refugees in relation to HIV/AIDS: The case of Eritrean Refugee Communities in Shire, Tigray Regional State of Northern Ethiopia
Dr. RUDINCOVÁ Kateřina Ethiopian foreign policy in the Horn of Africa: Informal relations with Somaliland and their possible future development 
Prof. SISAY ASEFA Governance Challenges and Opportunities of Horn of Africa International Economic Relations: The Role of Ethiopia

Panel is co-organized by the Institute of Political Science and International Relations, Jagiellonian University and Jagiellonian Research Center for African Studies.

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